Kanha national park occupies the area from Balaghat and Mandla districts of Central India in the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is located amidst the beauty ofMaikhal Hills of Satpura Ranges. Worldwide, Kanha National Park is renowned for having rich floral and majestic faunal bounty. In Asia it is famous as one of the finest National parks.
Initially Kanha National park was not at all a protected area. It passed through different phases before becoming Kanha National Park. Initially it was a hunting ground and them became a wild life sanctuary and finally we know this forested area as Kanha national Park.
Kanha National Park is also one of the oldest national parks of India. initially this region was under the control of Gondwana Dynasty. Vast area of the central Indiawas being ruled over by the Gond rulers and this forest area were under their control. Basically, tribal were living in this forest area like Gond Baigha and others.
Before 19th century, since many centuries, Gond dynasty was ruling over this area. Baigas and Gonds were the two tribes which were the Kanha’s indigenous forest dwellers and even today they are having the same place. In previous days they were gatherers/hunters and also practicing slash and burn techniques and shifting cultivations. When Project Tiger in India was introduced, and at that time very few national parks were taken into consideration and kanha national park was one of them. Kanha National park is known as one of the most tourism friendly and most well managed national parks of India.
During British time, when it was not declared national park, two most popular river valleys were existing in MaikalSatpura Mountain Ranges. They are famous by the name of Banjar river valley and the Halon river valley. These river valleys were well known for having dense forest and also for nestling these forested areas. During British time only, it was realized that these river valley forested areas are of much importance and from that period only work for its conservation had been started. The foundation of Kanha conservation history are these river valleys only. Kanha was first declared as wild life sanctuaries and after that they were promoted to kanha national park and finally it became Kanha Tiger Reserve.
Since these two tribesBaigas and Gonds were living amidst the nature only, they were very close to the nature. so, they had accurate knowledge about the different kinds of animals and their behavior and their peculiarity. Even today, they are much helpful and that is the only reason to accompany a local guide in each and every safari ride. These local persons will make you aware about the history of Kanha, its importance and also help you to explore the park nicely and the most important thing, they will help you in spotting the different wild animals apart from Majestic Tiger and Barasingha.
Thousands of Ornithologists and bird watchers visit this amazing bird paradise every year and just get attracted by spotting these beautiful and varieties of birds. The grassy and the bamboo forests are the perfect place to spot numbers of birds in their natural habitat. Tourists get amazed by spotting some attractive water birds near the Sarvantal and the reserbe’s rivulets.
The fauna of Kanha National Park is unique and so attracts a large number of wild life enthusiasts every year. It offers a memorable experience to the wild life lovers.